in Varanasi (Benares) in Uttar Pradesh is the home to
this Jyotirlinga, and is one of the biggest pilgrim
spots of the Hindus worldwide.
Vishweshwarnath Jyotirlinga is situated in the holy
city of Varanasi also known as Kashi and Benares and
is popular by the name of Shiv Vishwanath. It is believed
that Varanasi is the point at which the first Jyotirlinga,
the fiery pillar of light by which Shiva manifested
his supremacy over other gods, broke through the earth’s
crust and flared towards the heavens. More than the
Ghats and even the Ganga, the Shivalinga installed in
the temple remain the devotional focus of Varanasi.
Millions of pilgrims converge here to perform an abhishekam
to the sacred Jyotirlingam with sacred water of river
Ganga.The original Jyotirlinga of Kashi Vishwanath is
no more available. It was destroyed as a result of the
Mughal invasion and Aurangazeb built a mosque in place
of it. The ancient idol of Vishweshwar is situated in
Jnana-Vapi. Queen Ahilyabai of Indore built the new
temple. Kashi is amongst the most significant holy spots
of the Hindus. It is said that if a person visits Kashi
once in his lifetime, he’ll attain salvation and get
rid of all his sins. The scriptures say that Kashi was
destroyed forever when the earth was submerged below
water. But lord Shiva holds this place with his trishul.
The Shiv lingam in Kashi is placed in a square shaped
brass-plated pit. Devotees can offer their prayers here.
There are also smaller shrines around the main shrine.
The head of each of the ghats has a Shiv Linga shrine.
Lord Shiva has been put on a pedestal at every location
in the city.It is said that Lord Shiva gives the Tarak
Mantra to the ones who are going to die here. Some also
believe that the Lord resides here and is the giver
of liberation and happiness. The one who prays and worships
Vishweshwar with devotion attains all his desires and
one who incessantly recites his name attains all siddhis
and finally gets liberated.
magnificent edifice offers a breathtaking view to the
onlooker. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple is also popularly
known as the 'Golden Temple' due the gold plating done
on its 15.5-meter high spire. One tonne of gold donated
by Maharaja Ranjit Singh has been used in the gold plating
of the spire. Inside the courtyard is the temple of
the sanctum a linga is set into the center of the floor
in a square silver altar. The Linga is of black stone.
Though the interior of the temple is not large and elaborate
it presents the peaceful atmosphere ideal for worship.
History of Vishwanath Temple The famous Vishwanath Temple
has been rebuilt several times. The original was supposed
to have been built in 1490. However, the original Jyotirlinga
of Kashi Vishwanath is a not available. The old temple
was destroyed as a result of the Mughal invasion and
Aurangazeb built a mosque in place of it. The ancient
idol of Vishweshwar is situated in Jnana-Vapi. Even
today the western wall of the mosque show the remnants
of a temple which had very intricate and fine artwork
on it. Both the Kashi Vishwanath and the Gyanvapi Mosque
are adjacent to each other The latest structure standing
here dates back to the 18th century. It is said that
once Lord Shiva came in the dream of Rani Ahilya Bai
Holkar of Indore. She, being a devotee of Lord Shiva,
got the current temple built in 1777 at a distance from
the original one